Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images
- Mainly vegetarian, the boar eats acorns, roots, tubers... which it can unearth. It readily attacks crops near the forest: maize (at the milky stage), red beet and potato in particular. It also feeds on small animals (insects, earthworms, snails...).
- It lives in dense plant-covered areas, in the forest, in scrub, in companies (family groups from which old males are excluded) (*) .
- During the day, it remains hidden in a wallow (small elongated depression with a smooth base), in thickets. It is active during night time. Capable of travelling up to 80 km (at walking pace, at a trot, at a gallop, swimming) in search of its food.
- Longevity: rarely more than 10 to 15 years.
- It is present, often in abundance, all over Europe (except in the British Isles and Ireland) and in North Africa.
- Mating takes place from October to February. In the "cauldron" (sort of nest) that it has prepared, the wild sow produces 3 to 8 young wild boars in April-May, after a gestation period of 115 days.
- Weaning takes place at 3 months and independance at 6 months old. The wild sow is sexually mature when 1 year old, the male when 18 months or 2 years old.
- Crops are dug up and trodden on in strips (*) (*) . Damage has to be paid for by the hunters.
HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.