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Pica pica (L.)
Aves, Passeriformes, Corvidae .


Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images

- Adult: 41-42 cm long; 48-53 cm wingspan; feathers black and white, contrasting with a long tail having a metallic sheen; no sexual dimorphism (*) .
- Nest large, built near the top of trees and often covered with an openwork dome made from branches (*) .

- This sedentary species is present in cultivated and open regions with hedges and trees.
- Adults live in pairs during much of the year, meeting in the winter to fly in groups and spend the night in dense bushes.
- The magpie is omnivorous and feeds on insects (larvae of Coleoptera and Lepidoptera), snails, slugs, lower rodents, eggs of passerines, pigeons, chicks of poultry or wild birds, cereal (maize) and fruit (cherry, grapes, plum, apple).

[R]Life Cycle
- Females lay eggs between mid-April and mid-May and rear only one brood of 6-8 young during the year.

The damage caused to crops is generally unimportant owing to the low density of populations but numbers are increasing. The magpie also plunders the nests of many bird species.

[R]Common Names
DE: Elster ES: Urraca FR: Pie bavarde IT: Gazza PT: Pga rabuda GB: Magpie

[R] Images

  1. Pica pica (L.) (ACTA)
  2. Pica pica (L.) (Coatmeur J. & P.Faucheux / SPHN)

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HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.

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