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Passer domesticus (L.)
Aves, Passeriformes, Passeridae .

House sparrow

Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images

- Adult: 15 cm long; 25 cm wingspan; male: skullcap dark grey with edges red; nape red; bib black; cheeks whitish; back striped black and red; breast and abdomen whitish (*) ; colour of female and young duller (*) .
- Egg: whitish with dark brown and grey dots.
- Nest: made of straw, dry herbs and fibers; globe-shaped and lined with feathers (*) .

- House sparrows take advantage of human activities and are present in inhabited regions (villages, towns, industrial areas, etc.) and are considered to be sedentary. Current year's young come together to form independent flocks and wander during the day, gathering in the evening in the roosts.
- The density of the populations depends on the food available. House sparrows stay close to houses and visit surrounding fields in search of cereals, which they particularly favour (at the milky stage especially). They also feed on seeds of wild plants, young green shoots, buds and berries, and capture insects on which they feed their nestlings.
- This species nests in the vicinity of houses: cavities, shelters under the tiles, trees, nesting boxes. In the country ball-shaped nests can sometimes be found.

[R]Life Cycle
- There are 3 broods per year but the death rate of young is very high.

- Damage is linked to the density of populations and consists mainly in the consumption of grain (cereals) and buds (fruit trees).
- Having a tendency to associate with Man, house sparrows are often a nuisance during the breeding season or when in roosts. This can have economically important consequences (farming, agro-industry and urban areas).

[R]Common Names
DE: Haussperling, Spatz ES: Gorrion FR: Moineau domestique IT: Passero domestico, Passera oltremontana PT: Pardal GB: House sparrow

[R] Images

  1. Passer domesticus (L.) (ACTA)
    Male adult
  2. Passer domesticus (L.) (ACTA)
    Female adult
  3. Passer domesticus (L.) (Coatmeur J. & P. Faucheux / SPHN)

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HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.

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