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Ophonus pubescens (Müller)
Harpalus pubescens, Pseudophonus pubescens

Insecta, Coleoptera, Harpalidae .

Strawberry ground beetle

Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images

- Adult: 15 mm long, dark blackish brown. Elytra pubescent over their entire surface, covered in a golden down which gives them a changing reflective sheen (*) . Considerably hairy on the upperside of the tarsi.
- Larva: short with a not very sclerified body. Legs short, with strong prickles and 2 unequal claws.

The beetles are scattered in crops and waste land. They feed on forest tree seeds: pine (Pinus), spruce (Picea), larch (Larix), on wheat seeds or strawberry achenes.
- Adult: the adults emerge from hibernation in spring. During the day, they hide under earth clods, grass or stones; at night, they gnaw the seeds and achenes. They can fly in the evening in swarms and land on strawberry fields. Mating and egg laying soon follow the resumption of activity.
- Larva: it has a mixed diet, gnawing the base of plants and attacking other insects. It overwinters in the ground, resumes feeding the following spring then pupates in the ground at a depth of a few centimetres.

[R]Life Cycle
- The complete cycle extends over two years, the larva, then the adult, each passing through a winter diapause.

On strawberry, the adult beetle tears away the achenes, occasionally cutting the skin and producing a wound, which rapidly causes the fruits to rot (*) .

[R]Common Names
DE: Erdbeersamenkäfer ES: Harpal del fresal FR: Harpale du fraisier IT: Carabide delle fragole PT: Harpalo dos morangueiros GB: Strawberry ground beetle

[R] Images

  1. Ophonus pubescens (Müller) (BASF)
    Adults on damaged strawberry

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HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.

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