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Lepus europaeus Pallas
Lepus capensis

Mammalia, Lagomorpha, Leporidae .

Brown hare, Common hare

Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images


[R]Description
- Adult: average weight: 4 to 5 kg, length: 47 to 87 cm including 7 to 11 cm for the tail. Slender body, short and bushy tail, oval head, very long, mobile ears (12 to 14 cm), large red brown eye, very long hind legs. Ginger-brown fur with shades of black on the upper parts, more ginger breast and sides, white inner sides of legs and belly (*) .
- The leverets have open eyes at birth, are fully furred; they are capable of moving about (*) .

[R]Biology
- Habitat: open land (meadows, pastures, cultivated fields, sandy moors, marshes) close to hedges, thickets and forests.
- Solitary, active all the year round, it moves in leaps and may reach 60 to 70 km/h when running. Crepuscular and nocturnal, it is most active at dusk and dawn. During day time, it remains lying in a small excavation called a "resting place" that it excavates in the ground, in the open, or in long grass. In winter, it sometimes rests under the snow.
- Exclusively vegetarian diet: herbaceous plants, cereals, berries, mushrooms, vegetables. It eats some of its droppings laid during night time and digests them for a 2nd time.
- Before reproduction, frequent ritual fights between the males occur: standing up on their hind legs, they hit each other with their front legs.

[R]Life Cycle
- Mating takes place from January to June, the young being born from March to October. Gestation lasts 42 days. The doe hare raises 2 to 4 litters of 1 to 6 leverets a year. It may be impregnated a 2nd time before the production of young and then carries simultaneously young ready to be born and the embryos of the next litter. The young are suckled for 3 weeks and become independant after 1 month.
- Sexual maturity: 1 year. Longevity: up to 12 years.

[R]Damage
When the population density is high, the hare may cause damage in young forest plantations and among crops: clover, lucerne, red beet (*) , sowing of cereals, maize, pea, young cabbage plants, vine (nipping off of the buds), vegetable crops, sunflower (*) .


[R]Common Names
DE: Gemeiner Hase ES: Liebre comun FR: Lièvre brun IT: Lepre comune o europea PT: Lébre GB: Brown hare, Common hare

[R] Images

  1. Lepus europaeus Pallas (Coutin R. / OPIE)
    Adult
  2. Lepus europaeus Pallas (ACTA)
    Damage on beet
  3. Lepus europaeus Pallas (ACTA)
    Damage to sunflower Plants have been completely eaten.
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  4. Lepus europaeus Pallas (BASF)
    Adults in wheat plot
  5. Lepus europaeus Pallas (Barbier L. / ONC)
    Young
  6. Lepus europaeus Pallas (Barbier L. / ONC)
    Burrows

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HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.

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