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Lepus europaeus Pallas
Lepus capensis

Mammalia, Lagomorpha, Leporidae .

Brown hare, Common hare

Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images

- Adult: average weight: 4 to 5 kg, length: 47 to 87 cm including 7 to 11 cm for the tail. Slender body, short and bushy tail, oval head, very long, mobile ears (12 to 14 cm), large red brown eye, very long hind legs. Ginger-brown fur with shades of black on the upper parts, more ginger breast and sides, white inner sides of legs and belly (*) .
- The leverets have open eyes at birth, are fully furred; they are capable of moving about (*) .

- Habitat: open land (meadows, pastures, cultivated fields, sandy moors, marshes) close to hedges, thickets and forests.
- Solitary, active all the year round, it moves in leaps and may reach 60 to 70 km/h when running. Crepuscular and nocturnal, it is most active at dusk and dawn. During day time, it remains lying in a small excavation called a "resting place" that it excavates in the ground, in the open, or in long grass. In winter, it sometimes rests under the snow.
- Exclusively vegetarian diet: herbaceous plants, cereals, berries, mushrooms, vegetables. It eats some of its droppings laid during night time and digests them for a 2nd time.
- Before reproduction, frequent ritual fights between the males occur: standing up on their hind legs, they hit each other with their front legs.

[R]Life Cycle
- Mating takes place from January to June, the young being born from March to October. Gestation lasts 42 days. The doe hare raises 2 to 4 litters of 1 to 6 leverets a year. It may be impregnated a 2nd time before the production of young and then carries simultaneously young ready to be born and the embryos of the next litter. The young are suckled for 3 weeks and become independant after 1 month.
- Sexual maturity: 1 year. Longevity: up to 12 years.

When the population density is high, the hare may cause damage in young forest plantations and among crops: clover, lucerne, red beet (*) , sowing of cereals, maize, pea, young cabbage plants, vine (nipping off of the buds), vegetable crops, sunflower (*) .

[R]Common Names
DE: Gemeiner Hase ES: Liebre comun FR: Lièvre brun IT: Lepre comune o europea PT: Lébre GB: Brown hare, Common hare

[R] Images

  1. Lepus europaeus Pallas (Coutin R. / OPIE)
  2. Lepus europaeus Pallas (ACTA)
    Damage on beet
  3. Lepus europaeus Pallas (ACTA)
    Damage to sunflower Plants have been completely eaten.
  4. Lepus europaeus Pallas (BASF)
    Adults in wheat plot
  5. Lepus europaeus Pallas (Barbier L. / ONC)
  6. Lepus europaeus Pallas (Barbier L. / ONC)

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HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.

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