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Heterodera schachtii Schmidt
Nematoda, Tylenchida, Heteroderidae .

Beet cyst nematode

Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images


[R]Description
- Adult: males are threadlike and 1.5 mm in length. Firstly white and visible with the unaided eye (0.5-1 mm across), females change into oval, dark brown and lemon-shaped cysts after fertilization (*) . Each cyst contains 200-600 eggs (*) .

[R]Biology
- Host plants include especially sugarbeet, mangold, spinach, cabbage, rapeseed, celery, carrot, radish, carnation (Dianthus), saponin (Saponaria) as well as many weeds.
- Hatching of eggs is spread over several years. Temperature (16°C-28°C) and radicular secretions of host plants cause some of them to hatch, thread-like juveniles then penetrating the roots using their stylet. If they do not find a suitable host, they are able to survive several months in the soil.
The salivary secretions of the parasite lead to the development of giant cells in the cortical parenchyma of infested roots. These cells interrupt the circulation of the sap and cause the death of roots. New radicles subsequently form, giving rise to thick hairs.
- After 4 moults, females become oval and protrude from the root, the head remaining fixed to the plant and the body filled with eggs (*) .
- Development, from the penetration of the first-stage juvenile to egg-laying, lasts 4-8 weeks.

[R]Life Cycle
There are 2-3 generations per year.

[R]Damage
In the field, affected beet plants are distributed in circular patches (*) ; the size of plants is reduced and external leaves are yellow. Roots produce numerous small radicles (*) . Yield is greatly reduced.
- Ccabbage and rape plants are small and leaves take on a pale green colour.


[R]Common Names
DE: Rübenälchen, Rübenzystenälchen ES: Nematodo de la remolacha FR: Nématode de la betterave IT: Nematode della barbabietola PT: Nemátodo da beterraba GB: Beet cyst nematode

[R] Images

  1. Heterodera schachtii (Schmidt) (Coutin R. / OPIE)
    Affected root of beet
  2. Heterodera schachtii (Schmidt) (Caubel G. / INRA Rennes)
    Cysts extracted from the soil The encysted female is dead and the cavity is full of juveniles.
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  3. Heterodera schachtii (Schmidt) (BASF)
    Embryoned eggs coming out of an open cyst
  4. Heterodera schachtii (Schmidt) (BASF)
    Cysts on roots of beet
  5. Heterodera schachtii (Schmidt) (BASF)
    Damage on field of beet
  6. Heterodera schachtii (Schmidt) (Caubel G. / INRA Rennes)
    Females Globe-shaped white body.
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