back to HYPP Zoology home page

Fringilla coelebs L.
Aves, Passeriformes, Fringillidae .


Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images

- Adult: 25 cm long; 26 cm wingspan; characterized by a white double bar on the wings and the white colour of the external feathers of the tail visible during the flight; male: underside of body pink and wine-coloured; feathers red; rump greenish; upper side of head blue-grey (*) . Female: upper part of body olive-brown and underside paler (*) .
- Egg: greenish-white mottled grey and red-brown.
- Nest: cup-shaped, carefully built of moss, dry stems and lichen; situated in trees at a height of 3-7 m.

- Chaffinches are present in all places with trees and are often found in the vicinity of houses. They are capable of adapting to many different environments and climates.
- Except during the breeding season, this species lives in flocks. It mixes with related species and visits sow fields and market garden crops (adopting a common resting place for the night). In the spring, each pair has its own and well-delimited territory which the male defends very fiercely.
- Chaffinches are sedentary in France. Spectacular migrations occur in which individuals from Scandinavia, Germany, Central Europe and Russia gather. This species spends the winter in France or the Iberian Peninsula from September-October to March-April.
- Feeding habits: except in the summer months, during which it feeds itself and its young with insects, the chaffinch is exclusively vegetable-eating (seeds of cultivated or wild plants, buds, berries, pulp of fruits).

[R]Life Cycle
- 4-5 eggs are laid in April-May, others in June.

- Locally, chaffinches eat seeds (oil plants) or, in the winter, attack fruit buds.

- The brambling (Fringilla montifringilla L.), a species not nesting in France, is more damaging.

[R]Common Names
DE: Buchfink ES: Pinzon FR: Pinson des arbres IT: Fringuello PT: Tentilhão comum GB: Chaffinch

[R] Images

  1. Fringilla coelebs L. (ACTA)
    Adult male
  2. Fringilla coelebs L. (Coutin R. / OPIE)
    Male flying off
  3. Fringilla coelebs L. (ACTA)
    Female adult

To read this page in French

HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.

back to HYPP Zoology home page