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Empoasca vitis Goethe
Insecta, Homoptera, Cicadellidae .

Vine leafhopper

Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images


[R]Description
- Adult: 2-3 mm long; body narrow, greenish or pink (*) .
- Egg: oblong; white; about 0.7 mm long.
Nymph: elongate; 1st-instar white, later instars with coloration resembling that of adult (*) .

[R]Biology
- Host plants: various trees and shrubs, vine, hop, potato.
- Adult: overwinters in woods and hedges, migrating to vine in the spring. Hatching occurs soon after the eggs have been deposited in the foliage. The vine leafhopper feeds by inserting its stylets into the main vessels, especially the veins.
- Egg: embryonic development lasts 5-7 days.
- Nymph: 5 instars.

[R]Life Cycle
- There are 3, sometimes 4 generations per year. The first 2 are the most important economically.

[R]Damage
Feeding punctures of this pest lead to the appearance of necroses. Veins become dry and the leaf lamina turns brown. Scorch spreads from the edge of the lamina to the centre (*) .
Heavy infestations sometimes cause leaves to fall as early as August. Dry areas on host plants are demarkated by a couloured border, the colour of which varies according to the variety of vine.


[R]Common Names
DE: Weinzikade ES: Cicadelas FR: Cicadelle des grillures de la vigne IT: Cicalina verde della vite PT: Cigarrinha das queimaduras da vinha GB: Vine leaf hopper

[R] Images

  1. Empoasca vitis Goethe (Coutin R. / OPIE)
    Damage on vine Drying out of leaves and necrosis of margins.
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  2. Empoasca vitis Goethe (Rasplus J.-Y. / INRA Versailles)
    Adult On the underside of leaf of vine.
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  3. Empoasca vitis Goethe (BASF)
    Pupa and damage on vine

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