Insecta, Homoptera, Aphididae .
Description, Biology, Life Cycle, Damage, Common Names, Images
- Host plants: wild and cultivated Leguminoseae, especially sainfoin, lucerne, deervetch, vetch, pea, bean and clover.
- Winter eggs hatch precociously in February. Fundatrices feed on the buds of the collar of perennial Leguminosae (e.g; lucerne) and give birth to parthenogenetic females. Winged virginoparae emerge in May-June and migrate to other leguminous plants (*) , colonizing preferably the base of flowers, the youngest parts of flowering plants or the tips of stems.
Large numbers of aphids are present on lucerne from September, sexuales (apterous males and females) later appearing to produce winter eggs.
- An autoecious species living exclusively on Leguminosae, the progeny of annual hosts being infested by aphids that survived the winbter on pernnial host.
- Colonies cause crop losses. Besides, this aphid is a major vector of several plant virus diseases.
HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.