[R] Cichorium intybus L. (Asteraceae).
Fr: Chicorée; Ge: Salatzichorie; Sp: Achicoria; It: Cicoria; Pt: Chicória.
- Annual or biennial plant, found in the wild (*) .
- Italy and France are the principal European producers.
- The varieties that form heads whose leaves may be consumed as salad, are distinguished from those varieties that are cut. The long taproot of certain varieties is used in the production of coffee and other drinks. It is sown from May to August for the types that are cut, and from June to July for the types that form heads. Thinning occurs at the 4- to 5-leaf stage. Leaves that are not part of the head are removed at 12 cm from the collar when they have attained 10 to 15 cm in length and harvesting occurs near the end of October.
- Diseases: those of endive.
- Principal European pests: those of lettuce.
* Chicory: stem with flowers (Minost C.)
a: stem; b: leaf; c: flowers ligulate, blue, arranged in a capitulum.
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.