[R] Pisum sativum L. (Fabaceae).
Fr: Pois; Ge: Gartenerbse; Sp: Guisante; It: Pisello; Pt: Ervilha.
- Annual legume cultivated for its globulous seeds which are called peas (*) , and are consumed fresh or processed.
- France is the principal European producer.
- Harvesting occurs 2.5 to 4 months after it is sown, varying with the date of sowing and the climatic region.
- Diseases: the most serious disease is anthracnose, which attacks the pods and may lower the classification of the peas or even lead to their refusal for canning.
- Principal European pests: the most serious pests are those that attack the pods. Most noteworthy are the (Frankliniella robusta) and the pea moth (Cydia nigricana), also included is the silver y moth (Autographa gamma), and to a lesser extent, birds, the rook (Corvus frugigelus), the carrion crow (Corvus corone) and the wood pigeon (Columba palumbus). These birds may also eat the seeds.
The pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) colonizes the leaves and stipules.
* Garden peas stem (Minost C.)
a: stipules stem-clasping, large; b: leaf persistent, made up of 2 pairs of leaflets and ending in a dendril; c: flower; d: pod containing many globulous seeds (peas).
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.