[R] Vicia faba major L. (Fabaceae).
Fr: Fève; Ge: Dicke Bohne; Sp: Haba; It: Fava; Pt: Fava.
- Annual legume, upright in stature, stem forms a tuft, composite leaves and white flowers in groups of 2 to 12 (*) , originating in the Mediterranean basin and cultivated since Ancient times for its seeds (broad beans), consumed raw or cooked, dried or fresh.
- It is sown from the end of February until the end of April for harvesting in June-July. In southern regions sowing is earlier. The shoot tips are often pinched in order to produce larger pods.
- Diseases: same as those of horse bean.
- Principal European pests: the most serious is the black bean aphid (Aphis fabae) which forms colonies on the stems. The stem nematode (Ditylenchus dipsaci) deforms the stem, leaves and pods. Other damage is caused by the (Frankliniella robusta).
The bean beetle (Bruchus rufimanus) eats stored seeds.
* Broad bean stem (Minost C.)
a: stem hollow, quadrangular; b: stipule; c: leaf glaucous, made up of 2-6 leaflets and ending in a dendril; d: flower; e: seed.
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.