[R] Lens culinaris Medicus (Fabaceae).
Fr: Lentille; Ge: Linse; Sp: Lenteja; It: Lenticchia; Pt: Lentilha.
Annual legume with a height of 50 to 80 cm, a thin highly branched stem with whitish flowers in bunches of 1 to 4. The pods are short, flat and contain 1 or 2 seeds (*) .
- Spain is the primary European producer.
- It has been cultivated since ancient times for its seeds, that are consumed as a dried vegetable.
- It is sown in spring or autumn for harvesting at the end of summer. Long rotations are necessary (4 to 6 years) as it exhausts the soil.
- Diseases: Damping off disease and Ascochyta lentis are the principal problems encountered.
- Principal European pests: the most serious are the lentil flower midge (Contarinia lentis) and the pea moth (Cydia nigricana). Bruchus lentis (Frolich) (Col., Bruchidae), damages only the stored seeds.
* Lentil (Minost C.)
a: stem fine; b: stipule; c: leaf composite, made up of 6-10 pairs of narrow leaflets, and ending in a dendril; d: flower whittish with puple veins; e: pod flattened, containing 2 small seeds of various colors.
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.