[R] Vicia faba minor L. (Fabaceae).
Fr: Féverole; Ge: Pferdebohne; Sp: Haba; It: Favino; Pt: Fava.
- Annual legume, closely related to the broad bean, cultivated for its protein rich seeds, used as green forage or as green fertilizer.
- There are winter varieties (branched stems, resistant to cold), and spring varieties (single stemmed, with rapid cycles, but sensitive to cold).
- Sowing occurs in November for harvesting in August.
- In the case of forage production, the horse bean is completely cut at the end of flowering, and either stored green or ensiled.
- Diseases: the most important are Botrytis fabae and anthracnose (Ascochyta fabae).
- Principal European pests: as for broad bean. The black bean aphid (Aphis fabae) is the most damaging.
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.