[R] Triticum spp. (Poaceae).
Fr : Blé froment ; De : Weichweizen ; Es : Trigo ; It : Frumento, Pt: Trigo.
- Annual straw cereal, 0.5 to 1.5 m in height, with a dense, spiked inflorescence at its terminal end, cultivated for its grains(caryopsis) (*) . Soft wheat is distinguished from Durum wheat.
- Diseases: treatment of the seeds, and fungicide treatments against airborne diseases (lodging, septoria, rust, powdery mildew) are effective in crop protection.
- Principal European pests: those of straw cereals.
Triticum aestivum L.
Fr: Blé tendre ; De : Weichweizen ; Es : Trigo ; It : Frumento ; Pt : Trigo.
- Soft wheat forms a white spike with 12 to 15 spikelets containing 2 or 3 flowers. The seed produces a siftable flour used in bread-making. There are many varieties spread among different classes: winter wheats, that start to be sown in the beginning of October; spring wheats, that are sown from mid-February to March, and alternate wheats that are sown from mid-February to mid-March. Harvesting is done by mechanical harvester when the grain is mature.
- Durum wheat, Hard wheat.
T. durum L.
Fr: Blé dur; Ge: Hartweizen; Sp: Trigo; It: Frumento; Pt: Trigo duro.
- Hard wheat is a tall cereal (80 to 120 cm) with a weak tiller, bushy spike and large seeds. These seeds are sent to be ground for use in the manufacture of food products. It is sown in autumn or at the end of winter.
* Wheat ear (Minost C.)
a: spikelet awned, containing 2-3 fertile flowers.
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.