[R] Cydonia oblonga Miller (Rosaceae).
Fr: Cognassier; Ge: Quittenbaum; Pt: Marmeleiro; Sp Membrillero; It: Melo cotogno.
Fruit tree, 4 to 5 m in height, producing a very hard, ribbed fruit with pips (quince), and a yellow, woolly skin with yellow flesh, that must be cooked for a long time before being consumed. They are essentially used for making jellies and fruit pastries.
- The principal European producers are Portugal, Spain, Greece, France and Italy.
- Quince trees are propagated by seeds, shoots, cuttings or layerings. In addition they are often used themselves as rootstock for pear tree grafts.
- Flowering occurs in May and the harvest is in September.
-Diseases: two diseases produce serious damage to this crop: leaf blight of pear and quince (Entomosporium maculatum) and brown rot of young quince (Monilia linhartiana).
- Principal European pests: in common with other fruit trees with pits or stones especially those of apple.
* Quince-tree bought (Minost C.)
a: leaf simple, pale green, broad, downy; b: flower white or pink, big, solitary; c: quince.
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.