[R] Ribes vulgare Lamarck = Ribes rubrum L. (Grossulariaceae).
Fr: Groseillier; Ge: Johannisbeerstrauch; Pt: Groselheira vermelha; Sp: Grosellero; It: Ribes.
- Thick bushy shrub, hardy perennial frequently cultivated and found up to altitudes of 1,300 m.
- The fruit (currants) are small spherical berries arranged in racemes, red or white in colour (*) . They are consumed fresh or used to make jams, jellies and syrups.
- The principal European producers are Germany, Great Britain and France.
- Gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa) is an indigenous, thorny bush that produces large isolated greenish-white berries that are very popular in England.
- Currant and gooseberry grow in open clusters or in trained hedges. Flowering occurs in April, concurrent with the appearance of the leaves. Harvesting starts in the 3rd year and attains its maximum around the 5th year; a plantation can produce for 20 years.
- Propagation is by woody cuttings or grafting (using Ribes aureum as the root stock).
- Diseases: The principal problems are: American gooseberry mildew (Sphaerotheca mors-uvae) on gosseberry bushes and decay and dieback due to (Phomopsis ribis).
- Principal European pests: common to black currant. The gooseberry aphid (Aphis grossulariae) primarily attacks gooseberry, while the currant-sowthistle aphid (Hyperomyzus lactucae) attacks mainly black currant but also red and white currant.
* Currant-bush bough (Minost C.)
a: leaf simple, 3-5 lobes, petiole long; b: raceme of small red or white berries (currants).
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.