[R] Prunus armeniaca L. (Rosaceae).
Fr: Abricotier; Ge: Aprikosenbaum; Pt: Damasqueiro; Sp: Albaricoquero; It: Albicocco.
- Fruit tree, 4 to 6 m in height, with white or pale pink flowers, cultivated in the Mediterranean basin (*) .
- The fruit (apricot) is a drupe with a downy, yellow-orange skin, yellow-orange flesh and a smooth, free stone; it is consumed fresh, processed or preserved.
- The principal European producers are Italy, Spain, Greece and France.
- Apricot trees are cultivated in areas exposed to wind or on trellies, depending on the variety. It should not be pruned too severely.
- Flowering occurs in March-April, before the appearance of leaves. The harvest, increasingly mechanized, is staggered over the entire summer.
- It is propagated by grafting onto pure apricot, almond, peach or plum trees. These rootstocks are obtained from seeds, layerings or cuttings. Planting is done at the beginning of winter, during the dormancy period.
- A plantation of trees grafted onto pure apricot rootstocks may produce as long as 40 to 45 years.
- Knowledge of the phenological stages permits a more logical approach to pest and disease management (*) .
- Diseases: apricot is subject to the same diseases as peach, but the growing season for apricot trees, begins earlier in the spring. Brown rot (Monilia laxa) and powdery mildew (Podosphaera tridactyla) are the most damaging on the leaves, flowers and fruit. Withering, due to varying causes, (Armillaria mellae, Rosellinia necatrix, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae), compromises cultivation in some regions. Plum pox virus is a very serious problem. With respect to this disease, it is recommended to use only certified plants.
-Principal European pests: identical to those of other fruit trees with pips or stones and in particular those of peach.
* Apricot-tree bought (Minost C.)
a: leaf elliptical, broad (5-10 cm), glabrous, denticulate, with long glandular petiol; b: flowers sessile, white or pink; c: apricot (drupe).
* Phenological stages of apricot-tree (Minost C.)
A: winter bud; B: swelling; C: calyx is appearent; D: corolla is appearent; E: stamina are appearent; F: fool bloom; G: petals are falling; I: setting; J: young fruit.
HYPPZ on line: Species (scientific names), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops.
HYP3 : HYPP Phytopathology.