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Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae van Hall x apricot

Bacteria, GRACILICUTES, PSEUDOMONADALES, PSEUDOMONADACEAE .

Crops attacked: apricot, .


[R]Common Names :

Shoot die-back

Identification, Description, Biology, Epidemiology, Treatement, Possible misleading, Images


[R]Identification
.

[R]Description
The first symptoms such as absence of growing and dessication of different parts in successive stages occur in spring. This can affect one twig or a master branch or even the tree as a whole. A reddish necrosis can be seen under the bark.
Gummy exudates occur at the edge of infected tissue.

[R]Biology
In summer the bacterium persists in a latent form on the leaves and the branches and only has a contaminating activity in winter, in cold humid conditions : it then penetrates through the pruning or petiole wounds.

[R]Epidemiology
The pathogen is disseminated by wind and rain.
Infection is favoured by cold humid periods at the end of winter.

[R]Treatement
Sow in deep soil with good food and water supply.
Avoid cold areas.
Spray cupric mixtures during the fall of leaves.

[R]Possible misleading
Symptoms are often hard to tell from those of P. viridiflava .

[R] Images

  1. Pseudomonas syringae syringae , Bacterial canker (GARDAN L., INRA)
    Bacterial canker of fruit-tree Total necrosis of twigs on a cherry-tree very severely infected by Pseudomonas syringae syringae .
  2. Pseudomonas syringae syringae , Bacterial canker (GARDAN L., INRA)
    Bacterial canker of fruit-tree Bacterial canker on a cherry twig whitout bark showing gummusis at the base of a bud.
  3. Pseudomonas syringae syringae , Bacterial canker (GARDAN L., INRA)
    Bacterial canker of fruit-tree Brown necrotic spot with a yellow chlorotic halo and shot-holes on a leaf of cherry-tree infected by Pseudomonas syringae syringae .
  4. Pseudomonas syringae syringae , Bacterial canker (GARDAN L.,INRA)
    Bacterial canker of fruit-tree Abortion of flowering bud and brownnecrosis under the bark caused by Pseudomonas syringae syringae on a twig of cherry-tree.
  5. Pseudomonas syringae syringae , Bacterial canker (PRUNIER J-P., INRA)
    Bacterial canker of fruit-tree Canker-like lesion on leaf of cherry-tree.
  6. Pseudomonas syringae , Bacterial canker (PRUNIER J-P., INRA)
    Bacterial canker on cherry-tree Gummy exudate on a cherry bud caused by Pseudomanas syringae .
  7. Pseudomonas mors prunorum , Canker, Dieback and shot-hole disease of stone fruits (MORVAN G., INRA)
    Canker, Dieback and shot-hole disease of stone fruits on apricot-tree Gummy exudate along the branch of an apricot-tree infected by Pseudomonas mors prunorum .
  8. Pseudomonas mors prunorum , Canker, Dieback and shot-hole disease of stone fruits (ROUGIER J., INRA)
    Canker, Dieback and shot-hole disease of stone fruits on apricot-tree Damaged twig and gum on the trunk of an apricot-tree due to an attack of Pseudomonas mors prunorum .
  9. Pseudomonas mors prunorum , Canker, Dieback and shot-hole disease of stone fruits (ROUGIER J., INRA)
    Canker, Dieback and shot-hole disease of stone fruits on apricot-tree Gummy exudate observed during the spring on the trunk of an apricot-tree infected by Pseudomonas mors prunorum .
  10. Pseudomonas mors prunorum , Canker, Dieback and shot-hole disease of stone fruits (PRUNIER J-P., INRA)
    Canker, Dieback and shot-hole disease of stone fruits on cherry-tree First stage of Pseudomonas mors prunorum on a cherry branch, showing dead blossoms and gummosis.

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